2015 second hottest year on record for Europe

Map of anomalous annual mean temperature for 2015, with respect to the 1981-2010 climatology. (Figure 2) © Climate Indicator Bulletins (CIBs)/ EURO4M

The year 2015 will be the second hottest on record in Europe, with mean annual temperatures just above the 2007 average and below the record set in 2014, according to an analysis by one of the World Meteorological Organization’s regional climate centres.

Much of eastern Europe was exceptionally warm, with temperatures higher than in 2014. Only in parts of Ireland were temperatures lower than the 1981-2010 long-term average, according to the Climate Indicator Bulletin from WMO’s European Regional Climate Centre node on Climate Data operated by the Royal Netherlands Meteorological Institute, KMNI.

Globally, 2015 remains on track to the hottest year on record, according to WMO’s provisional statement on the status of the climate in 2015. Final figures will be released in early 2016.

The Climate Indicator Bulletin is based on a large number of measurements and gives an overview of the 2015 temperature evolution in Europe. The mean annual temperature in 2015, as an absolute value, was 11.099° Celsius, compared to 11.234°C in 2014 and 11.079°C in 2007.

The temperature anomalies (with respect to the 1981-2010 long-term average) show large contrasts over Europe in all seasons.

„Striking are the below-average temperatures in Spain and Portugal in winter, the cooler than usual summer in northern Europe and the persistent coldness in Ireland,“ said the Bulletin.

World Meteorological Organization
read full article on www.wmo.int

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